Immigrate to Canada through Express Entry

The Express Entry system is an online assessment system used by the Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to assess, analyze, and execute Canadian PR applications from around the globe. It was built to accelerate Canada’s immigration process along with other available federal and provincial immigration programs.

The express entry program consists of three streams: Federal Skilled Workers Program, Federal Skilled Trades Program, and Canadian Experience Class. 

The Federal Skilled Workers Program selects prospective international skilled workers with sufficient work experience in any of the in-demand occupations in Canada. They are usually candidates with suitable work experience, age, educational background, & language abilities as required by the Government of Canada.

The Federal Skilled Trades Program aims to select candidates who have professional work experience in a specific skill trade that is included in the 43 target occupations as defined by the Government of Canada. This requires the candidate to have an employment offer or certificate of qualification from a province or territory in Canada and also two years of experience in the trade.

The Canadian Experience Class program allows candidates who are living in Canada and have at least 1 year of working experience for a Canadian employer to apply for permanent residency in Canada.

How does the Express Entry works?

Irrespective of the stream you are choosing based upon on your eligibility, the express entry program involves the following steps:

Firstly, check your eligibility for the program. The candidates are selected based on their skills and their level of contribution to Canada’s economy. While each program requires the applicants to have adequate work experience and language proficiency, there is a slightly different eligibility criteria for each program as given in below section.

Secondly, create an Expression of Interest or Express Entry profile using the following essential documents:

  • Your educational documents along with an Educational Credential Assessment report obtained from recognized institutions like World Education Services.
  • Language proficiency test result (TRF sheet of IELTS, CELPIP, or any other test) to show your ability in Canada’s official languages – English and/or French.
  • Proof of identity and travel documents such as a passport.
  • Your work experience documents, most of which are aligned with the selected National Occupation Classification number.
  • A letter of employer from a recognized employer in Canada if you have obtained one.
  • Provincial nomination certificate from a Canadian territory or province if nominated.

Thirdly, candidates ranking higher in terms of Comprehensive Ranking System or CSR will receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA) after which they need to submit the complete PR application along with the processing fees and proof of funds within 60 days of receiving the invitation.  The candidate needs to double check his or her application and every detail submitted in the Express Entry profile before making the final submission.

Fourthly, once the submitted application is verified and approved by IRCC Canada, the candidate will receive a Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR) after which he or she (along with mentioned family members in the application ) is expected to land in Canada before the expiry date mentioned in COPR.

Fifthly, the candidate (and his/her accompanying family members) can expect to get Canadian PR upon arrival in Canada.

Eligibility of Federal Skilled Worker Program

The Federal Skilled Worker program requires the applicants to have the following qualifications or prerequisites before applying for the program:

Firstly, he or she should have a minimum of 1 year work experience within the last 10 years, in any of the recognized NOC related jobs such as a manager, technician, or any other professionals.

Secondly, the work experience should at least be full time continuous or equivalent amount of paid experience in a part time job. It can also consist of a paid & continuous work experience obtained during studies.

Thirdly, he or she should either have an educational degree, diploma, or certificate duly assessed by a designation global organization like the World Education Services, Comparative Education Service: University of Toronto School of Continuing Studies, International Credential Assessment Service of Canada, or Medical Council of Canada (to demonstrate equivalence of their studies to Canadian education.) or have a certificate, degree, or diploma from a recognized high school or post-secondary institution in Canada.

Fourthly, he or she should score at least 67 out of 100 points in the FSW point grid with maximum point for each specific factor as mentioned below:

  24 points for maximum level of proficiency in first language and 4 points for maximum level of proficiency in second language.

Maximum of 25 point for a doctorate level degree and a minimum of 5 points for a secondary school degree. A bachelor’s degree would mean 21 points while a Master’s degree means 23 points.

Maximum of 15 points for work experience of 6 years or more and a minimum of 9 points for a work experience of one year.

Maximum of 12 points if the candidate is aged between 18 to 35 and no points if the candidate is aged 47 and above.

Maximum of 10 points off an arranged employment in Canada which can be either obtained while having a valid work permit or a permanent full time job offer supported by a positive Labor Market Impact Assessment (LMIA).

Maximum of 10 points for any adaptability factors such as previous employment experience or educational background in Canada, or a relative in Canada or spousal Canadian experience or education in Canada or spousal language ability.  

Fifthly, the person should demonstrate intermediate level of language proficiency in English or French by achieving at least Canadian Level Benchmark (CLB) 7 in any of the language ability tests like IELTS, CELPIP, TEF, etc.

Sixthly, the person should either have a job offer from a recognized employer in Canada or must demonstrate adequate financial ability to be able to sustain in Canada along with his or her family.

Seventhly, the person should be a legal offender barred from entering Canada due to security reasons, human rights violations, organized crime, critical health reasons, or more.

Finally, the application can be submitted for any province or territory except the province of Quebec which has its own immigration rules and programs.

Eligibility for Canadian Experience Class

Candidates who are staying or have stayed in Canada and have worked for any Canadian employer can apply for permanent residency through the CEC program provided they meet the following eligibility criteria:

Firstly, he or she should have at least 1 year of full-time (30 hours weekly) or equivalent part time work experience in any occupation related to skill type 0, A, or B of the National Occupation Classification. Moreover, the work experience must be attained within 36 months before the date of application.

Secondly, the candidate must have had a valid temporary resident status along with work authorization while working in Canada.

Thirdly, he or she should have achieved a minimum of CLB 7 in any recognized language proficiency tests (like IELTS, CELPIP, TEF, etc.), in case of an experience in jobs related to NOC skill levels A or 0 occupations. For jobs related to NOC skill levels B, the required language ability is CLB 5.

Finally, the application can be submitted for any province or territory except the province of Quebec which has its own immigration rules and programs.

What is the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS)?

The comprehensive ranking system or CRS is at the crux of the Express Entry system wherein each candidate is assessed based on the score achieved in the system. Each applicant is given a total score out of 1200 depending upon various human capital, spousal, transferability, or other factors as mentioned below:

Human Capital or Core Factors

These constitute the candidate’s age, academic level, official language proficiency, and Canadian work experience. A single applicant without any accompanying spouse or common law partner can earn a maximum of 500 points while an applicant with accompanying spouse or common law partner fetch maximum 460 points for core factors of primary applicant and maximum 40 points for core factors of spouse or common law factor.

Spouse or Common Law Partner Factors

These include educational background, age, official language proficiency, work experience, and more of the applicant’s spouse or common law partner. Maximum points obtained by the spouse of common law partner is 10 for each attribute.

Transferability Factors

Skilled transferability factors include the work experience, academic degrees earned in countries other than Canada along with certificate of qualification from a Canadian province. A candidate cannot get more than an overall of 100 points for skills transferability. 

Additional Factors

These include additional factors like having a provincial nomination under a Express Entry backed PNP streams,  a job offer in any skilled NOC 0, A, or B occupations, proven French language ability, Canadian educational degree or certificate, or a sibling in Canada who is a permanent resident or citizen in Canada.

A candidate can earn some maximum points by following below given combinations:

A maximum of 500 points for a combination of human capital and spousal factors.

A maximum of 600 points for a combination of human capital, spousal factors, and transferability factors.

A maximum of 1200 points for a combination of human capital, spousal factors, transferability, and additional factors.

V9 Immigration as your most reliable PR consultant

Even though the entire PR application process starting from creating an express entry profile to reception of a PR card seems to be straightforward and easy to comprehend,  the process is actually very cumbersome, overwhelming, and sometimes even contains glitches.  At V9 Immigration, we have consultants with the right blend of domain expertise, experience, & certifications to provide you with required assistance and support to get started with your PR journey through the Express Entry system. 

We are the most trusted and reliable PR consultants with a higher success rate with our support services ranging from helping you assess your eligibility criteria to providing post landing support in Canada. 

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