Agricultural Workers

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Agricultural Workers

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Agricultural Workers

With over 36,952 farms contributing more than 42,003 million dollars to Canada’s GDP, Canada is one of the biggest agricultural producers and exporters across the globe. However, with much of the current workforce nearing retirement age, the Canadian Government has started implementing programs to attract foreign nationals to fill the current labour gap in its agricultural sector.

Different programs are available for individuals to work as a farm worker either permanently or temporarily.

Provincial Nomination Program

Different provinces in Canada have demand for farmworkers, which is fulfilled mostly through the provincial nomination program. To fast track the immigration process, the provinces have come up with options to pick up relevant express entry candidates with less Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score.

Given below are list of provinces with need of farm workers:

Seasonal Agricultural Worker Program

This is an ideal option for individuals looking forward to temporarily work in Canada as an agricultural worker. This program allows employers to hire temporary foreign workers from selective countries, for a period of 8 months. The employer must commit to provide a job offer of at least 240 hours of work during a period of 6 weeks or less.

Given below are few mandatory requirements for employers to qualify for SAWP:

  1. The hired candidates must be citizens of either Mexico or Caribbean countries.
  2. The hired worker should be involved in production in specific commodity list as given below:
  • Fruits, Vegetables.
  • Mushrooms
  • Flowers
  • Sod
  • Tobacco
  • Bovine
  • Dairy
  • Duck
  • Horse
  • Mink
  • Poultry
  • Sheep
  • Swine
  • Nursery grown trees
  • Pedigreed canola seeds

Role of Participating Countries

Eligibility for Workers

Program Requirements

Given below are important conditions to be met by the employer

  1. Round trip transportation of the temporary foreign worker (to and fro from Canada to home country) should be paid by the employer, with the cost being recovered as per the SAWP agreement rules. The paid transportation records must be kept for at least 6 years.
  2. Cost of daily commutation must be provided for the worker to travel to and from residence location to working location.
  3. Employers should provide adequate accommodation, either on-farm or commercial establishment, as defined by the Canadian Mortgage Housing Corporation. However, the occupancy of each housing should not exceed the permitted threshold.
  4. Employer should provide proof of the provided housing being inspected by any authorized person or organization, in form of a standard report.
  5. Each eligible employed worker must be registered for provincial or territorial health insurance. Waiting period for the eligibility is available on the Ministry of Health web site.
  6. Employers must ensure that the hired workers are covered under workplace safety insurance. Employers using pesticides or other hazardous chemicals should provide workers with free protective equipment, proper training and supervision wherever required.
  7. A copy of the standard contract, signed by both the employer and the workers, should be provided at the time of inspection. The contract must specify each party’s rights and guidance to resolve possible disputes.
  8. Employer must provide proof of legitimate business and job offer.
  9. Employer can transfer a worker from one farm to another with mandatory requirements like worker’s consent, prior written approvals from the foreign government representative in Canada, and from ESDC/Service Canada.

The Express Entry is handled by the Canadian government. The office that oversees the Express Entry is the Immigration, Refugee, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).

Yes, CIC (Citizenship and Immigration Canada) and IRCC (Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada) are the same. The CIC was renamed as IRCC in 2015.

The Canada express entry draw is the method of choosing applicants. In this process, the pool of candidates eligible for invitation to apply is selected based on the announced CRS score. It is done every two weeks, and the highest-scoring candidates are sent to the ITA. They can then apply for a Permanent Residence visa. Canada Express Entry helps immigrants gain permanent residency. You can choose from the various programs available.

The Federal Skilled Worker (FSW) Points grid is different from CRS. The immigrants filling under the FSWP must score at least 67 out of 100. Only if they score 67 points, are they eligible to apply for the FSWP. The points grid considers six factors. The factors are –

  • Visitor Visa
  • Work Permit
  • Express Entry
  • Business Investor Program
  • Study Visa
  • Provincial Nominee Program
  • The Express Entry is an immigration system developed by the IRCC.
  • There are three immigration programs under Express Entry.
  • The IRCC handles the Express Entry.
  • There are several documents that you need to create a profile in Canada Express Entry.
  • A job offer is not needed to Express Entry.
  • Some job offers do not require the Labour Market Impact Assessment.
  • Proof of funds shows that you can live in Canada without any financial issues.
  • Work experience is necessary for Canada Express Entry.
  • The spouse of an applicant can also become a permanent resident in Canada.
  • Several factors determine the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score.
  • The FSW points grid is a system that scores applicants under the Federal Skilled Worker Program
  • The necessity of the Educational Credentials Assessment (ECA) express entry system depends on the program.

    The program which requires ECA is –

    • Federal Skilled Worker Program

    The programs which do not need ECA are –

    • Canadian Experience Class
    • Federal Skilled Trades Program